Total views : 197

A Study on the Types of Effective Climatic Conditions and Parameters Producing Sediment and Sedimentation in Dams’ Reservoirs (Case Study: Lali Area, Khuzestan, Iran)

Affiliations

  • Geology-Sedimentary Lithology and Sedimentology, Islamic Azad University of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Geology Department, Islamic Azad University of Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Geology Department, Islamic Azad University of Science and Research, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Geology Department, Islamic Azad University of Shahr-e- Ray, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract


Background/Objectives: Since sediment and sedimentation are very significant in civil projects specifically in dams’ reservoirs, it is essential to scrutinize this issue and its influential conditions and parameters. Climatic conditions are identified as one of the important factors in this regard. Hence, this study aims to investigate these conditions as well as the parameters affecting sedimentation in basins and sediment conditions specially water catchments with high potential to make erosion and produce sediment1. Karun basin is considered as one of these basins in which Lali area is located. Methods: The amount of sedimentation relies on the area’s climatic parameters including the height, temperature, relative moisture, day light hours, wind, evaporation, rainfall, freezing and, etc. The current research considers Lali area, Khuzestan province, as a conceptual-sedimentary model and analyzes its variables. Results: It is determined that rainfall and height parameters affect erosion and sedimentation the most, while the day light hours and freezing affect them the least. A huge amount of sediments made by erosion are transported from the upstream of the water catchment to the downstream and they are sometimes settled in the area and plain of Lali. Conclusions: It is essential to search for suitable alternatives to diminish damages resulted from erosion, transportation and sediment settlement along the sediments direction specifically in dams reservoirs. This research is directed into determining the conditions of sediments and their relation with Lali area’s influential parameters and conditions. Holistically, the outcomes can pave the way for researchers to conduct studies on dam construction.

Keywords

Climatic Parameters, Dams Reservoirs, Lali Area, Khuzestan, Sediment.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 176)

References


  • Alizadeh A. Mashhad: Astan Ghods Razavi: The Principles of Applied Hydrology. 2010.
  • Warren JK. Springer-Verilog: Evaporates. Sediments, Resources and Hydrocarbons. 2006; p. 1035.
  • Miall AD. Whiter Stratigraphy. Sedimentary Geology. 1995; 100:5-20.
  • Zanoianu I. New York: Elsevier: Morphometery of Drainage Basin.1985.
  • Bilham E. H.M.S.O, London: The Classification of Heavy Falls of Rain in Short Periods. 1962., Charlton F. CIRIA, London: Measuring flow in open channels, A review of Methods. 1978.
  • Colman DJ, Seatena FN. New York: IAHS: Identification and Evaluation of Sediment. 1986.
  • Mashkuti AH. Tehran: Islamic Azad University of Science and Research of Tehran Press: The Application of Statistical Model in Evaluating Climatic Changes and its Effects. 2015.
  • Veatot D, Poesen J. Predicting Soil Erosion and Sediment Field at the Basic Scale Issue and Sediment – Quantitatine Models. Earth Science Reviews. 2005; 71:95-125.
  • Wilson E. New York: IEP: Hydrology in practice. 1988.
  • Trewarta G. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.: An Introduction to Climate. 1968.
  • Solaimanik S, Lotfi A. Investigation of land Use Charges on Erosion Process Using geographical information system. International Journal of Environment Science and Technology. 2009.
  • Schwab G. et al. New York: John Wiley Inc.: Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. 1981.
  • Javanmard S, Jamali J, Abedini Y. Tehran: Jahad Daneshgahi: The Principles of Physical Meteorology and Weather Balance. 2015.
  • Feiznia S. Gorgan: Faculty of Agricultural Science and Natural Resources: Applied Sedimentology on Soil Erosion and Sediment Production. 2008.
  • Roudkivi AJ. Oxford: Prgamon press: Hydrology. 1979.
  • Shaw E. London: Van Nostrand Reinold: Hydrology in Practice. 1988.
  • Refahi H. Tehran: Tehran University: The Aquatic Erosion and its Control. 2007.
  • Sellers W. Chicago: University of Chicago Press: Physical Climatology. 1969.
  • Schwab G. et al. New York: John Wiley Inc.: Soil and Water Conservation Engineering. 1981.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.