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Impacting Factors on Oral Health Status of the Community among the Elderly the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination

Affiliations

  • Department of Nursing, Kyungdong University, Gangwon-Do, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Dental Hygiene, Kyungdong University, Gangwon-Do, Korea, Republic of

Abstract


Background/Objectives: Few researchers have reported the influence level of impacting factors about oral health of the community among the older people. We examined impacting factors on oral health status. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Using available data through a cross-sectional survey, we assessed impacting factors of oral health status with the individual and the living area and economic activity as the community factors in a sample of 1106 adults of 65 or older. We used individual-level oral health examination, predisposing factors (age, gender, education, marital status), enabling factors (insurance, income), and needs factors (mental, physical problems) with community-level data (living area, economic activity). Findings: We analyzed the impacting factors on oral health status of the community after adjustment for confounding factors by using multi-level logistic regression models. Our results showed that individual- level factors like being younger, male, non-married, non-poor, higher educational level, public and private insurances were impacting factors being related with higher odds of taking oral health examination. In conclusion, the elderly being younger, male as individual-level factors were more likely to have oral health care services even after adjusting the community-level factors (odds ratio = 2.13(1.03-4.40); p=.04; odds ratio = 1.72(1.11-2.65); p=.01). Improvements: Therefore, personalized and tailored policy plans are needed to intervene in the individual level with community levels to keep and improve oral health status in the Korean elderly.

Keywords

Impacting Factors, Insurance, Oral Health Status, Physical Health, The Elderly.

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