Total views : 305
Study on Strength Characteristics of Soil with Agro Waste
Background/Objectives: Soil stabilization is one of the methods used when the given site conditions does not have desirable strength characteristics to support structures, railways and roads. It is the process for improving the soil properties by methods of mechanical or chemical, to produce an soil material which has all the required engineering properties. Application of solid waste disposal (Industrial or Agro waste) for soil stabilization is a significant which serves various benefits to the environment. Methods/Statistical Analysis: In this study the properties of weak soil is improved with the addition of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) of varying percentages of 3, 6, 9 and 12%. The sample was compacted at maximum dry density with the addition of OMC. A series of laboratory experiment has been conducted on expansive soil blended with Rice Husk Ash in 3%, 6%, 9%, 12% and 15% by weight of dry soil. Findings: Unconfined compressive and CBR values of soil increased with the addition of rice husk ash. From the UCC test result, showing that the percentage increase in UCS is 242% and the decrease in swell value from 75 to 45 for the addition of 12% RHA. The study giving the most relevant results by addition of Rice Husk Ash (RHA) upto12% in soil sample. Variations in mineralogical composition analysed by SEM and XRD studies clearly indicate the variation in soil structure formation, due to the chemical reactions initiated by the agro waste mixed in soil. Application/ Improvement: The Rice Husk Ash has a potential to improve the strength characteristics of expansive soil and it reduces the swelling potential of soil. Use of RHA in soil stabilisation is economic; eco friendly and it also solve the disposal problem.
Agro Waste, Free Swell, Rice Husk Ash , UCS
- Sherwood P. Soil stabilization with cement and lime. State of the art review. London: Transport Research Laboratory, HMSO; 1993.
- Bell FG. Lime stabilisation of clay minerals and soils. Engineering Geology. 1996 Jun; 42(4):223–37.
- Lees G, Abdelkader MO, Hamdani SK. Effect of the clay fraction on some mechanical properties of lime-soil mixtures. The Journal of the Institution of Highway Engineer. 1982 Nov; 29(11):2–9.
- Hunter D. Lime-induced heave in sulphate-bearing clay soils. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1988 Feb; 114(2):150–67.
- Frydman IR, Ehrenreich T. Stabilization of heavy clay with potassium chloride. Journal of Geotechnical Engineering. 1978 Dec; 8(2):95–108.
- Al-Mukhtar M, Lasledj A, Alcover J. Behaviour and mineralogy changes in lime-treated expansive soil at 20°C. Applied Clay Science. 2010 Oct; 50(2):191–8.
- Bell FG. Lime stabilization of clay minerals and soils. Engineering Geology. 1996 Jul; 42(4):223–37.
- Gupta S, Seehra SS. Studies on lime-granulated blast furnace slag as an alternative binder to cement. Highways Research Board. 1989; 38:81–97.
- Krishnan KD, Ravichandran PT, Janani V, Annadurai R, Gunturi M. Soil stabilisation using phosphogypsum and flyash. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology. 2014 Mar; 9(14):1–4.
- Horpibulsuk S, Phetchuay C, Chinkulkijniwat A. Soil stabilization by calcium carbide residue and fly ash. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2012 Feb; 24(2):184–93.
- Ravichandran PT, Krishnan KD, Janani V, Annadurai R, Gunturi M. Soil stabilization with phosphogypsum and fly ash – micro level study. International Journal of Chem Tech Research. 2015 Feb; 7(2):622–8.
- Krishna TM, Beebi SdS. Soil stabilization by groundnut shell ash and waste fiber material. International Journal of Innovations in Engineering and Technology. 2015 Jun; 5(3):52–7.
- Ezekiel AA, Dada O. Michael, potentials of groundnut shell ash for stabilization of ekiti state soil, Nigeria. Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology. 2015 Aug; 2(8):1–4.
- IS:2720 (Part 1), Methods of test for Soil: Preparation of dry soil sample for various tests. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1983.
- IS:2720 (Part 5), Methods of tests for Soil: Determination of Atterberg’s limits. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1985.
- IS:2720 (Part 6), Methods of tests for Soil: Determination of shrinkage factor. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standard; 1972.
- IS:2720 (Part 7), Methods of tests for Soil: Determination of water content-dry density relation using light compaction. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1980.
- IS:2720 (Part 40), Methods of Tests for Soil: Determination of free swell index of soil. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 2002.
- IS:2720 (Part 16), Methods of tests for Soil: Laboratory determination of CBR. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1987.
- IS:1498, Classification and identification of Soils for general engineering purposes. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1970.
- Singh G, Singh J. Highway engineering. Nai Sarak, Delhi, India: Standard Publishers Distributors; 1991.
- IS:2720 (Part X), Methods of tests for Soil: Determination of unconfined compressive strength. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1973.
- There are currently no refbacks.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.