Total views : 607

Study on Mechanical Properties of Concrete with Manufactured Sand and Bagasse Ash


  • Department of Civil Engineering, SRM University, Kattankulathur - 603203, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Department of Civil Engineering, SAINTGITS College of Engineering, Kottayam - 686532, Kerala, India


Background/Objectives: In the construction of structures river sand used as fine aggregate in concrete for centuries. River sand is not a renewable natural resource. In most of the area, river sand has been excessively exploited, which has endangered the stability of river banks and the safety of bridges, and creates an environmental problem. Hence, minimization of the use of river sand inevitable. Methods: In this study, the Manufactured sand (M-sand), produced by crushing rock depositions as a fine aggregate used in concrete. The M-sand is more angular and has rougher surface texture than river sand. In the M60 grade concrete, M-sand is used as fine aggregate and Bagasse Ash (BA) used as a pozzolanic material for the partial replacement of cement. Bagasse ash has partially replaced by the ratio of 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% by volume of cementation material in concrete. M-sand has been replaced by fully by volume of fine aggregate. In this investigation, to study the properties of concrete test likes Compressive Strength, Tensile Strength, Flexural Strength, Young’s modulus and Workability of concrete were carried out. The effects of M-sand on mechanical properties, studies with and without partial replacement of Bagasse ash were studies at the age of 7, 28 days. Findings: The test results show that the incorporation of Bagasse Ash up to 20% replacement level increases the mechanical properties of concrete. The variation in use of M-sand in concrete as compared to the river sand with the Bagasse Ash shows the minimum variation in the strength properties. Applications/Improvement: From this study, it is observed that the use of M-sand in high strength concrete can be use for the replacement of fine aggregate in M60 concrete. Use of Bagasse ash up to 20-30 % can be effectively used in concrete with or without the addition of M-sand, where the Bagasse ash available in plenty.


Bagasse Ash, Compressive strength, Manufactured Sand.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 470)


  • Patel R, Kinney F, Schumacher G. Green concrete using 100% fly ash based hydraulic binder. International Concrete Sustainability Conference, National Ready Mixed Concrete Association; 2012. p. 1–15.
  • Patel YH, Patel PJ, Patel JM, Patel HS. Study on durability of high performance concrete with alccofine and flyash. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Studies. 2013 Apr-Jun; 2(3):154–7.
  • Kumar BGA. Effective utilization of fly ash and supplementary cementitious materials in construction industry. International Journal of Advanced Technology in Civil Engineering. 2012; 1(2):1–8.
  • Mathew BA, Sudha C, Rajkumar PRK, Ravichandran PT. Investigations on tensile properties of high strength steel fibre reinforced concrete. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 Oct; 8(28):1–6.
  • Sharmaa U, Khatrib A, Kanoungoc A. Use of micro-silica as additive to concrete-state of art. International Journal of Civil Engineering Research. 2014; 5(1):9–12.
  • Ajay V, Rajeev C, Yadav RK. Effect of micro silica on the strength of concrete with ordinary portland cement. Research Journal of Engineering Sciences. 2012 Jun; 1(3):1–4.
  • Rughooputh R, Rena J. Partial replacement of cement by ground granulated blast furnace slag in concrete. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2014; 5(5):340–3.
  • Kumar PM, Mahesh Y. The behaviour of concrete by partial replacement of fine aggregate with copper slag and cement with ggbs - an experimental study. Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 2015 May-Jun; 12(3):51–6.
  • Awasare V, Nagendra MV. Analysis of strength characteristics of GGBS concrete. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology. 2014 Apr-Jun; 5(2):82–4.
  • Rao MV, Bhandare U. Application of blast furnace slag sand in cement concrete–a case study. International Journal of Civil Engineering Research. 2014; 5(4):453–8.
  • Brindha D, Nagan S, Utilization of copper slag as a partial replacement of fine aggregate in concrete. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. 2010 Aug; 3(4):579–85.
  • Cortes DD, Kim HK, Palomino AM, Santamarina JC. Rheological and mechanical properties of mortars prepared with natural and manufactured sand. Cement and Concrete Research. 2008 Oct; 38(10):1142–7.
  • Jadhav PA, Kulkarni DK. An experimental investigation on the properties of concrete containing manufactured sand. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Technology. 2012 Jan; 3(2):1–4.
  • Villalobos S, Lange DA, Roesler JR. Evaluation, testing and comparison between the crushed manufactured sand and natural sand [Technical note]. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois; 2005 Apr. p. 1–6.
  • Sudha C, Ravichandran PT, Krishnan KD, Rajkumar PRK, Anand A. Study on mechanical properties of high performance concrete using M-sand. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2016 Feb; 9(5):1–6.
  • IS: 12269, specification for 53 grade ordinary portland cement. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 2013.
  • IS: 15388, silica fume- Specification. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 2003.
  • IS: 12089, specification for granulated slag for the manufacture of Portland slag cement. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1987.
  • IS: 383, specification for coarse and fine aggregates from natural sources of concrete. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1970.
  • IS: 516, methods of test for strength of concrete. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1959.
  • IS: 5816, splitting tensile strength of concrete- Method of test. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 1999.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.