Total views : 234

Experimental Study on Flexural Behaviour of Cold Formed Steel Channel and I Sections Providing Angle Stiffener on the Web


  • Department of Civil Engineering, SRM University, Chennai - 603203, Tamil Nadu, India


Background: Different products are manufactured from Cold Formed Steel (CFS) are used in the different field of our daily life; in the home, the shop, the factory, the office, the car, the petrol station. These products have many uses ranging from ‘tin’ cans to structural frame, building members. This investigation presents the analytical study and theoretical study of the behaviour of flexural strength of CFS sections. Methods: Analytical study of CFS section was done by using FEM software (ANSYS Multiphysics Utility – CIVILFEM). Here two Channel sections and two built up I sections are fabricated. Built up I sections are formed by using symmetric channel section with the help of bolts provided in the web part of the section. One of the built up I section and C section are provided with angle stiffener to increase the flexural strength. The analytical results are compared with theoretical results according to IS 801:1975. Findings: From the study it is found that the maximum moment are occurring in between the one third of span to two third of span of the subjected sections. The moment in the zone between the two point loads are same and that portion is known as pure bending zone. Flexural strength is increased by providing angle stiffener throughout the length of the sections at the spacing of 40 mm between two stiffener and for I section and Channel section total stiffeners are provided respectively 24 and 12. Applications: Further works can be focused on determining the behaviour of the channel and built up I section with increasing web thickness, flange thickness and increasing the stiffener dimension. Another useful can be done by using diagonal stiffener with the temperature effect which may change the behaviour of channel and built up I section.


Build Up Section, Cold Formed Steel, Flexural Strength, Theoretical and Analytical Study.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 341)


  • Jayaraman A, Athibaranan S, MohanrajA. Flexural behaviour of light gauge cold formed steel members: Comparision of IS code and EURO code. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology. 2015 Jun; 4(6):1–9.
  • Timosenko, Young DH. Strength of Material Book, Fifth Edition of East West PVT. LTD, India (Delhi-Madras), 1976.
  • Jayaraman A, Senthilkumar A, Athibaranan S. Behaviour and Design of Light gauge cold formed steel flexural members (comparison of channel and built up channel section). Indian Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology Research. 2014 Sep; 3(19):3941–6.
  • Ajay PS, Joanna PS. Flexural behaviour of cold formed steel beams with diagonal stiffener. IJETT. 2014 Nov; 17(8):406–10.
  • Krishnan L, Dineshraj CS, Prema S. Experimental Investigation of cold formed steel section flexural member with triangular web. IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering. 2015 Mar –Apr; 12(2):36–9.
  • Sakthivel M, Sureshbabu S. Experimental study on flexural behaviour of cold formed steel section. The International Journal of Science and Technology. 2015 May; 3(5):46–51.
  • Prakash PS, Joanna PS, Samuel J, Eapen Sakaria P. Flexural behaviour of cold formed steel beams with end stiffeners and Encased web. International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. 2014 Nov; 3(11):1–4.
  • Dong S, Li H, Wen Q. Study on distortional buckling performance of cold formed thin walled steel flexural members with sitiffeners in the flange. Elsevier Thin Walled Structures. 2015 Oct; 95:161–9.
  • Goodarzian H, Hejazi SS. Optimization of the cross section of car lift column under pressure load using genetic algorithms. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2011 Jun; 4(6):1–5.
  • Kalavagunta S, Naganathan S, Bin Mustapha KN. Experimental study of axially compressed cold formed steel channel columns. Indian Journal of Science and Technology. 2013 Apr; 6(4):1–6.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.