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Review on Non-cross-layer Mobility and Time Delaying Routing Protocols for Underwater Wireless Sensor Network


  • Departement of Computer Science, Faculty of Computing, UTM, Malaysia
  • Departement of Information Technology, Faculty of Science, QUEST, Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan


Objectives: To study the analysis of non-cross-layer and time-delaying routing protocols for underwater wireless sensor networks which help the researchers for further research in field of proposed routing protocols. Methods/Analysis: This review article focuses the advantages and limitations, analytical and numerical simulation methods for non-cross-layer mobility-based and non-cross-layer time delaying routing protocols. Findings: The non-cross-layer mobility-based routing protocols focus the movement of the node in underwater 3D environment where as time delaying routing protocols focuses the routing link quality. The novelty in this review article is based on its unique classification; analytical method of analysis and unique numerical simulation method based on theoretical perspective. The outcome of this review may lead to a better approach as compared to existing reviews. Applications/Improvements: Through proposed routing protocols we can extract valuable information from the bottom of the sea like information for minerals such as nickel, copper, gold, silver etc.


Mobility, Non-cross-layer, Routing Protocols, Time-delaying, Underwater.

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