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Relationship between Types of Marine Sports Instructor’s Leadership and Sports Confidence


  • Department of Physical Education, Gwangju University of Education, Gwangju, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Physical Education, Kunsan University, Kunsan, Korea, Republic of
  • Department of Marine Sports, Hanseo University, Seosan, Korea, Republic of


Background/Objectives: This research was conducted to investigate the relationship between leadership types of marine sports instructors and sports confidence. The target of the research is 239 club members who were participating in marine sports in 2015. Methods/Statistical Analysis: For the data processing, exploratory factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used and the results of the research are as follows. Findings: First, the result of examining the relationship between leadership types of marine sports instructors and sports confidence shows that the training instruction type and social support type showed positive correlations with the coach leadership. The democratic type and the positive reward type had positive correlations with coach leadership. Authoritative leadership showed a negative correlation with coach leadership and a positive correlation with body mental preparation. Second, in the relationship between the leadership types and coach leadership, the training instruction type and the democratic type showed significantly positive effects. Also, in the relationship between the leadership types and body mental preparation, the authoritative type showed a significantly positive effect. Third, the relationship between the leadership types and social support and proven ability did not show statistical significance. Application/Improvement: Therefore, the leadership types of marine sports instructors have a positive significant relationship only with coach leadership and body mental preparation of sports confidence. Marine sports instructors need to demonstrate the training instruction type leadership to exert coach preparation when instructing members of the marine sports clubs leadership while demonstrating the authoritative type of leadership for body mental.


Achievement, Confidence, Instructor, Leadership, Marine Sports, Relationship.

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