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Factors Influencing the Experience of Pain in Depressed Patients with Osteoarthritis- Using Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Background/Objectives: The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for nursing mediation program by grasping the factor that influence pain of osteoarthritis patients with depression. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The original data of ‘The 5th, 3rd year Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey’ was used for this study. The 2012 national survey conducted by Ministry of Health and Welfare and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, had total 8058 subjects and this study was conducted with 132 subjects who answered ‘yes’ in the question, asking about whether having osteoarthritis current or not and whether having depression or not. Findings: Subjective health status significantly correlated with stress (r = -.23, p = .006), walking time (r = .17, p = .044) and perceived level of pain (r = .33, p = .003). A significant correlation was also found between BMI and sleep hours (r = -.20, p = .019) and between BMI and perceived level of pain (r = .25, p = .025). To identify the explanation power of factors affecting pain, a linear regression analysis was conducted with pain of OA patients with depression as an independent variable and general variables, subjective health status, stress, walking duration, BMI, sleeping time, dining times, as dependent variables. The subjective health status (β = 0.331, p = .009) had an impact on the pain level with an explanatory power of 17.8%. Application/Improvements: Strategies that take into account perceptions of subjective health status are important for the development of targeted interventions aimed at reducing pain.
Pain, Osteoarthritis, Depression, Subjective health status, Stress.
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