Total views : 272

An Analysis on Relationships among Exercise Participation, Depression Experience, and Suicidal Ideation of People with Visual Impairment

Affiliations

  • Department of Adapted Physical Activity, Korea Nazarene University, South Korea
  • Department of Adapted Physical Education, Baekseok University, South Korea
  • Department of Special Physical Education, Yeungnam University, South Korea

Abstract


Background/Objectives: This study provides the basic data required to improve the mental health of visually impaired persons by analyzing their relationships among exercise, depression experience, and suicidal ideation. Methods/Statistical Analysis: This study tapped into the raw data contained in the 2014 National Survey of Disabled Persons, conducted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare in South Korea. A total of 728 persons with visual impairment, who were registered as ‘disabled persons’ in the database, were analyzed in this study via a logistic regression method, using SAS Enterprise Miner
13.1. Statistical significance was set at p<.05. Findings: A logistic regression analysis yielded the following results: 1. The depression experience of visually impaired persons who engaged in some form of exercise was significantly lower than that of visually impaired persons who did not engage in any form of exercise (OR value = .587; 95% CI = .406-.851); and 2. The probability that the visually impaired persons who were engaged in some form of exercise may have suicidal ideation was statistically lower than that of visually impaired persons who did not engage in any form of exercise (OR value = .534; 95% CI = .362-.789). Moreover, the probability of experiencing suicidal ideation was lower for the visually impaired persons who exercised for more than 30 minutes than for the visually impaired persons who exercised for less than 30 minutes (OR
value = .402; 95% CI = .195-.832). Application/Improvements: In conclusion, it can be concluded that visually impaired persons should be advised to engage in adequate exercise to lessen their depression and suicidal ideation.


Keywords

Visual Impairment; Exercise; Participation; Depression Experience; Suicidal

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 174)

References


  • Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs. National Survey of the Disabled Person. Available from: www.afri-can. org/.../KNSPWD Prelim Report - Revised
  • Lee L, Hae-gyun H, Kim K, hyun J. A comparative study on the level of mental health between students with visual impairment and with normal vision. The Korean Journal of Visual Impairment. 2011; 27(4):159–184.
  • Shim S, Woo J, Han SH. Preventive health examination, health behavior, and psychological health in visual disabilities. Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society. 2012; 53(12):1870–8.
  • Vaccarino V, Kasl SV, Abramson J, Krumholz HM. Depressive symptoms and risk of functional decline and death in patients with heart failure. Journal Am Coll Cardiol. 2001; 38(1):199–205.
  • Kim SW, Kim SY, Kim JM, Suh TW, Shin IS, Kim SJ, Na GW, Kim SH, Yoon JS. A survey on attitudes toward suicide and suicidal behavior in Korea. Journal Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry. 2008; 14(1):43–8.
  • Bae JY, Kim WH, Yoon KA. Depression, suicidal thoughts and the buffering effect of social support among the elderly. Journal Korean Gerontol Soc. 2005; 25(3):59–73.
  • Kim HS, Kim BS. A comparative study on suicidal ideation in the elderly and the adolescents. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society. 2008; 28(2):325–43.
  • Kim S, Shin DW, An AR, Lee CH, Park JH, Park JH, Oh MK, Hwang SH, Kim Y, Cho B, Lee HK. Mental health of people with retinitis pigmentosa. Optometry and Vision Science. 2013; 90(5):488–93.
  • Rim TH, Lee CS, Lee SC, Chung B, Kim SS. Influence of visual acuity on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts and depression in South Korea. British Journal of Ophthalmology. 2015; 99(8):1112–21.
  • Kim HK, Ko SH, Chung SH. Suicidal ideation and risk factors among the elderly in Korea. Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing. 2010; 24(1):82–92.
  • Beck B, Aaron T, Kovacs M, Weissman A. Assessment of suicidal intention: The scale for suicide ideation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1979; 47(2):343–52.
  • Paluska P, Scott A, Schwenk TL. Physical activity and mental health. Sports Medicine. 2000; 29(3):167–80.
  • Goodwin G, Renee D. Association between physical activity and mental disorders among adults in the United States. Preventive Medicine. 2003; 36(6):698–703.
  • The association between physical activity, mental health and quality of life: A population-based study. Available from: http://www.chd.dphe.state.co.us/Resources/cms/hs/ pubs/physicalactivity.pdf
  • Hassmen P, Koivula N, Uutela A. Physical exercise and psychological well-being: A population study in Finland. Preventive Medicine. 2000; 30(1):17–25.
  • Brosnahan J, Steffen LM, Lytle L, Patterson J, Boostrom A. The relation between physical activity and mental health among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2004; 158(8):818–23.
  • Cassidya K, Kotynia-Englisha R, Acresa J, Flickerb L, Lautenschlagera NT, Almeidaa OP, Cassidya K, Kotynia-Englisha
  • R, Acresa J, Flickerb L, Lautenschlagera NT, Almeidaa OP. Association between lifestyle factors and mental health measures among community-dwelling older women. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. 2004; 38(11-12):940–7.
  • Kim JE. A study on the mental health and regular exercise of the aged: Based on the secondary data of Korea national health and nutrition survey [Unpublished master’s thesis]. Seoul: Urban Science University. 2009; 43(1):69–77.
  • Kim HS, June KJ, Kim YM. Gender differences in factors affecting suicidal ideation among the Korean elderly. Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society. 2013; 33(2):349–63.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.