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Characteristics of Five Personality Factors and Satisfaction Level of Friendship in the Dormitory Staying High School Students

Affiliations

  • Department of Counseling Psychology, Gimcheon University, South Korea
  • Department of Social Welfare, Gimcheon University, South Korea

Abstract


Background/Objectives: This stress can be acknowledged and accepted differently by the personalities, and their personalities may become very important factor to make the friends. This study aims to investigate how these personalities affect the relationship with their friends, and also grade, class, and dormitory living affect the relationship with their friends in the high school. Methods/Statistical Analysis: The subjects of this study were 434 1st and 2nd grade students in dormitory type high school located in G city, North Gyungsang Province. The survey was conducted in 434 1st and 2nd grade students from December 12 to 16, 2015. The collected data was analyzed by SPSS/WIN 19.0 program. Frequency analysis and reliability test were conducted for the understanding of the subjects’ general characteristics and for the measurement of internal consistency among the questionnaires, respectively. Correlation analysis was performed to understand the relationship between five personality factors and satisfaction level of friendship. Also, multiple regression analysis was performed to understand how satisfaction level of friendship was affected by grade, class, dormitory living, and five personality markers. Findings: Upon the study results, first, extraversion showed positive correlation in recognition and interest, conflict resolution, help and guide, socializing and entertainment, and communication. Second, with respect to conscientiousness, positive correlations were demonstrated in recognition and interest, conflict resolution, conflict and distrust, help and guide, socializing and entertainment, and communication. Third, amity showed the same correlation result with conscientiousness, and T-value was 3.744 (p=.000) by regression analysis. Fourth, neuroticism is the opposite concept to the emotional stability, which is the personality to be unstable, uncomfortable, and sensitive. As neuroticism is higher in the friend relation, it shows negative correlation in recognition and interest, conflict and distrust, and socializing and entertainment with T-value of -4.106 (p=.000) which is significant. Fifth, openness showed positive correlation to all the subtypes in the friend relation with T-value of 3.221 (p=.000) upon regression analysis which was significant statistically. Application/Improvements: Multiple studies have been recently conducted on the five personality factors by personality theorists, however, few of them were conducted to be applied in the real life in the high school students. Hence, further studies are required on the finding in this study that individual personality characteristics affect the satisfaction level of friendship in the high school students.

Keywords

Dormitory Staying High School 4, Friendship Satisfaction3, High School Student1, 5 Personality Factors2

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