Total views : 1319

Self-Help Group and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women in Rural India

Affiliations

  • School of Management, SASTRA University; Thanjavur - 613401, Tamil Nadu, India
  • School of Law, SASTRA University, Thanjavur - 613401, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


Background/Objective: The study focused on confirming the financial and social empowerment status of women belonging to various self-help groups in the country. Self-Help Group (SHG) is a village-based financial intermediary committee usually composed of 10–20 local women or men. In India, many SHGs are linked to banks for the delivery of micro-credit. Since literature review confirmed the positive attitudes per se of the self help group women, the financial facilities for sending their children to school and access to the day-to-day living amenities. It can be concluded that SHG have been successful in achieving both social & financial empowerment goals. Analysis: The secondary data analysis is made and it also confirms the steady growth on the membership level as number of self help groups in the country. Findings: Findings on social organizations have been presented. The key reasons for the success of SHGs are its link with the poor people, its innovative practices, its capacity to enable people’s participation in development and trust building at different levels between stakeholders. SHGs also help in the financial status of the households. They have developed self-confidence and independence among rural women, which in turn increased the livelihood of the rural people.

Keywords

Self-help Group, Women Empowerment.

Full Text:

 |  (PDF views: 2708)

References


  • Vinayamoorthy A, Pithoda V. Women Empowerment through SHG: A Case Study in North Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Marketing. 2007 Nov; 37(11):32–5.
  • Basu P. Role of NGOs in Improving the Quality of Life in Rural India. Marketing Mastermind. 2005; 4(5):57–61.
  • Seibel HD, Khadka S. SHG Banking: A Financial Technology for Very Poor Micro-Entrepreneurs. Savings and Development. 2002; 26(2):133–50.
  • Puhazhendi V, Satyasai KJS. Empowerment of rural women through self help groups: An Indian Experience. National Bank News Review. 2002; 18(2):39–47.
  • Sugun B. Strategies for Empowerment of Rural Women. Social Welfare. 2002 Aug; 49(5):3–6.
  • Villi C. Self Help Groups – Micro enterprises. Tamil Nadu Journal of Co-Operation. 2003 Apr; 3(6):1–15.
  • Ramalakshmi CS. Empowerment through self help group. Economic Political weekly. 2003; 20(12):1238–42.
  • Krishna Kumari DB, Vani C. Mediafor Gender Empowerment. Social Welfare. 2004 Oct; 51(7):37–40.
  • Peerzade SA, Parande P. Economic Empowerment of Women: Theory and Practice. Southern Economist. 2005 Mar; 43(21):7–10.
  • Mahendra Varman P. Impact of Self-Help Groups on formal Banking Habits. Economic and Political Weekly. 2005 Apr; 40(17):1705–13.
  • Sankaran A. Trends and Problems of Rural Women Entrepreneurs in India. Southern Economist. 2009; 48(4):11–2.
  • Bali Swain R, Varghese A. Microfinance Plus : The impact of business training on Indian Self Help Groups. Working paper2010:24. Department of Economics, Uppsala University. 2009; 3–13.
  • Purushothaman S. The empowerment of women in India: Grassroots women’s networks and the state, Sage Publications . 1998 Apr.
  • Browning M, Chiappori PA. Efficient intra-household allocations, a general characterization and empirical tests. Econometrica. 1998 Nov; 66(6):1241–78
  • Duflo E. Grandmothers and granddaughters: Old age pension and intra-household allocation in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review. 2003 Jun; 17(1):1–25.
  • Ramachandran T, Seilan A. Socio-Economic Empowerment and Self Help Groups. Social Welfare. 2005 Sep; 52(6):3–7.
  • Townsend J. Power from within getting out of that house, in Women and power fighting patriarchies and poverty. Zed Books. 1999.
  • Summer-Effler E. The micro potential for social change: Emotion, consciousness, and social movement formation. Sociological Theory. 2002 Mar; 20(1):41–60.
  • Suja S. Women empowerment through self-help group- An evaluative study. Sona Global Management Review. 2012; 6(3):68–82.
  • Bali Swain R, Wallentin FY. Does microfinance empower women? Evidence from self-help groups in India. International Review of Applied Economics. 2009 Jul; 23(5):541–56.
  • Bali Swain R. Impacting women through microfinance. Dialogue, Appui au Development Autonome. 2007 May; 37:61–82.
  • Tesoriero F. Strengthening communities through women’s self-help groups in South India. Community Development Journal. 2006 Jul; 41(3):321–33.
  • Bardhan K, Klasen S. UNDP’s gender-related indices: A critical review. World Development. 1999 Jun; 27(6):985–1010.
  • Johnson S. Gender relations, empowerment and microcredit: Moving on from a lostdecade. The European Journal of Development Research. 2005; 17(2):224–48.
  • Kabeer N. Resources, agency, achievements reflections on the measurement of women’s empowerment. Development and Change. 1999 Jul; 30(3):435–64.
  • Anitha HS, Revenkar AD. Micro Credit Through SHG for Rural Development. Southern Economist. 2007 Aug; 46(8):17–9.
  • Narang U. Self Help Group: An Effective Approach to Women Empowerment in India. International Journal of Social Science and Interdisciplinary Research. 2012 Aug; 1(8):1–9.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.