Dialogical Strategy in V. V. Mayakovsky’s Poetry of the 1920s
Objectives: The article aims at understanding dialogical strategies in Mayakovsky's poetry of the Soviet period in comparison with those developed in pre-revolutionary creativity due to the change of his ideological and esthetic paradigm. Methods: Methodologically the study relies on the researches of a phenomenon of the Russian poetry dialogism in general and the Silver age in particular exemplified by works of Broytman, Grekhnev, Levin, Kikhney, Fedoseyeva, etc., the articles and the theses devoted to studying of V.V. Mayakovsky’s literary, genetic and biographic connections, genre features of his lyrics, his esthetic concept and dialogical tactics. Findings: In late Mayakovsky’s works, the addressee's axiology sharply changed in connection with declaration of the positive purpose of the art urged to serve “the cause of revolution”. Utilitarian propaganda tasks step forward. The new self-awareness of Mayakovsky was formed. On the one hand, the poet did not stop being a prophet, a fighter giving orders. But on the other hand, he became the private of the revolution, its subordinate follower destined to unconditionally carry out the will of the party, ready to smother his own voice. Mayakovsky gradually understood inadmissibility of a complete separation with traditions of the Russian classical literature. In this connection, he created "his evolutionary ladder" on which the literary authorities of the past were placed. In communicative and poetological discourse of the late 1920s, Mayakovsky offered three ways of communication, addressing to some poets of the past, to contemporary poets and to the future generations. Genetically bound with futurism, after the October revolution Mayakovsky significantly changed the character of poetological addressing. Novelty: Mayakovsky contributed constructive and dithyramb features caused by pathos of the "future society" construction on the communistic beginnings into a lyrical communication in addition to previously available invective trends.
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