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Analytical Study of an Improved Cluster based Routing Protocol in Wireless Sensor Network

Affiliations

  • ITER, Siksha ‘O’ Anusandhan University, Bhubaneswar - 751030, Odisha, India

Abstract


Objectives: To analyze the homogeneous protocols like Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH), Improved Energy Balanced Routing Protocol (IEBRP) and some of the heterogeneous protocols like Distributed Energy Efficient Clustering (DEEC) and Modified Stable Election Protocol (M-SEP). Methods/Statistical Analysis: We focus on the different levels of energy such as single energy level (LEACH, IEBRP), Distributed Energy Level (DEEC) and multi energy level (M-SEP). Later we compare the algorithms of design of LEACH, IEBRP, DEEC and M-SEP protocol too. Finally we simulate all the four protocols using C platform and calculated the lifetime of sensor networks with the help of four new matrices: First Node Died (FND), Some Node Died (SND), Half Node Died (HND) and Last Node Died (LND). Findings: Finding out the best suited path from sensor node to sink and calculating the efficiency with respect to different routing protocols determines that M-SEP is more efficient than other three routing protocols. M-SEP has more alive nodes with respect to number of rounds. Application/Improvements: Simulating all the matrices with respect to different parameters result reveals that M-SEP performs 22%, 40% and 55% respectively longer than LEACH, IEBRP and DEEC. It also increases the lifetime, no of data packet send to the BS and data transmission rate, other than three routing protocols.

Keywords

Clustering, Homogeneous, Heterogeneous, Network Life Time, Wireless Sensor Network.

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