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Influence of Motivational Factors and Gender Differences on Learning English as a Second Language: A Case of Engineering Students from Rural Background


  • School of Social Sciences, VIT University, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Adesh University, Bathinda - 151009, Punjab, India
  • Central University of Punjab, Bathinda - 151001, Punjab, India


Objectives: This study investigates the role of motivational factors in second language learning and gender differences between integrative and instrumental orientation among engineering students. Methods/Statistical Analysis: An adopted AMTB (Attitude and Motivation Test Battery) was used to collect data from undergraduate engineering students in the study area. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s Alpha, ANOVA, Pearson Correlation coefficient. Findings: The results revealed strong positive correlation observed between desire to learn English and attitude towards learning English. A moderate correlation was found between attitude towards learning English and motivational intensity. Similarly,strong positive correlation was found between integrative and instrumental orientation among male students when compared to female. Applications/Improvements: The teacher must boost their learners’ interest and create awareness about the importance of studying English both for intrinsic and instrumental reasons. Similarly, language instructors could change their teaching method according to the learners’ interest.


Gender Difference, Instrumental and Integrative Orientation, L2 Learning, Motivation Factor, Socio-Educational Model.

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