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A Multi-Objective Approach for Improving Technical Factors of Distribution Networks Considering Uncertainties in Loads and Wind Turbines

Affiliations

  • Department of Electrical Engineering, Sahand University of Technology, New Sahand Town, Tabriz, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Electrical Engineering, Ekbatan Institute of Higher Education, Qazvin, Iran, Islamic Republic of
  • Department of Electrical Engineering, Golpayegan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract


Objectives: Objectives of this paper are to achieve decreasing power losses, maintaining permissible voltage profiles in distribution networks and also considering the uncertainties of network Components like loads and wind turbines. Methods/ Statistical Analysis: A new method is proposed for Distribution Feeder Reconfiguration (DFR) and capacitor placement considering Wind Turbine (WT) based on an improved reconfiguration technique. The employed DFR method is based on a single loop reconfiguration method which selects the optimal branch in each loop to achieve maximum loss reduction. Moreover, sequence of loops selection is optimized by using an optimization algorithm. Findings: A joint optimization algorithm has been proposed for combination of the capacitor placement and the improved network reconfiguration. This is due to the inherent coupling relationship between these methods, and therefore, simultaneous implementation of them is more effective than considering them separately. For more practical application of the proposed method, stochastic nature of loads and wind turbine generators of the network have been considered. Teaching-Learning Based Optimization (TLBO) algorithm has been employed for the proposed joint optimization problem and its results have been compared to the PSO and GA. The objective function has been proposed for minimizing the total cost due to capacitor placement and energy losses during 2 years with considering the constraints of bus voltages and the current carrying capacity of conductors. The obtained results confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed method. Application/Improvements: Simultaneous implementation of capacitor placement and reconfiguration method, considering stochastic nature of network and also employing TLBO algorithm for the proposed optimization problem.

Keywords

Load and Technical Improvement, Distribution Network, Uncertainty, Wind Turbine.

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